In Germany, there is a law that protects women during pregnancy and after the birth of their child: the Maternity Protection Act (Mutterschutzgesetz). The aim of the law is to protect the health of mothers and their children and to ensure that pregnant women and women who have recently given birth are not disadvantaged.
The Maternity Protection Act defines exactly who is protected by the law and which regulations apply. It regulates, for example, protection against dismissal for pregnant women and women who have recently given birth, maternity leave entitlement and employment bans for certain activities. All of these regulations are designed to ensure that women are protected in terms of health during this time and can focus on the well-being of their child.